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What is the difference between the United Kingdom, Great Britain, and England?
The United Kingdom is a country that consists of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. In fact, the official name of the country is "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland."


Great Britain is the name of the island northwest of France and east of Ireland that consists of three somewhat autonomous regions: England, Wales and Scotland.

Therefore, England is part of Great Britain, which is part of the United Kingdom. The U.K. includes England, Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland. England, Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland are not independent countries but the United Kingdom is. The remaining portion of the island of Ireland (that which is not the U.K.'s Northern Ireland) is an independent country called the Republic of Ireland (Eire).

 

 

All UK Towns with Populations over 100,000
Town Population Status
1 London 7,172,091 City
2 Birmingham 970,892 City
3 Glasgow 629,501 City
4 Liverpool 469,017 City
5 Leeds 443,247 City
6 Sheffield 439,866 City
7 Edinburgh 430,082 City
8 Bristol 420,556 City
9 Manchester 394,269 City
10 Leicester 330,574 City
11 Coventry 303,475 City
12 Hull 301,416 City
13 Bradford 293,717 City
14 Cardiff 292,150 City
15 Belfast 276,459 City
16 Stoke 259,252 City
17 Wolverhampton 251,462 City
18 Nottingham 249,584 City
19 Plymouth 243,795 City
20 Southampton 234,224 City
21 Reading 232,662 Town
22 Derby 229,407 City
23 Brighton and Hove 206,628 City
24 Dudley 194,919 Town
25 Newcastle 189,863 City
26 Northampton 189,474 Town
27 Portsmouth 187,056 City
28 Luton 185,543 Town
29 Preston 184,836 City
30 Aberdeen 184,788 City
31 Milton Keynes 184,506 Town
32 Westminster 181,766 City
33 Sunderland 177,739 City
34 Norwich 174,047 City
35 Walsall 170,994 Town
36 Swansea 169,880 City
37 Bournemouth 167,527 Town
38 Southend 160,257 Town
39 Swindon 155,432 Town
40 Dundee 154,674 City
41 Huddersfield 146,234 Town
42 Poole 144,800 Town
43 Oxford 143,016 City
44 Middlesbrough 142,691 Town
45 Blackpool 142,283 Town
46 Bolton 139,403 Town
47 Ipswich 138,718 Town
48 Telford 138,241 Town
49 York 137,505 City
50 West Bromwich 136,940 Town
51 Peterborough 136,292 City
52 Stockport 136,082 Town
53 Slough 126,276 Town
54 Gloucester 123,205 City
55 Watford 120,960 Town
56 Rotherham 117,262 Town
57 Newport 116,143 City
58 Cambridge 113,442 City
59 Exeter 106,772 City
60 Eastbourne 106,562 Town
61 Sutton Coldfield 105,452 Town
62 Blackburn 105,085 Town
63 Colchester 104,390 Town
64 Oldham 103,544 Town
65 St. Helens 102,629 Town
66 Crawley 100,547 Town

 

Notes

The table has been compiled using the 2001 Census publications Key Statistics for urban areas in England and Wales Table KS01 (released 17 June 2004), Key Statistics for Settlements and Localities Scotland Table KS01 (released 25 March 2003) and Northern Ireland Census 2001 Key Statistics for Settlements Table KS01 (released 10 February 2005). The names and populations of all urban areas and urban sub-divisions recognised as towns were extracted and included in the list.

 

The actual City of London only has a 2001 census population of 7,185 but is recognised by the world as the larger Local Authority area known as Greater London made up of 31 London Boroughs and the two cites of London and Westminster. Therefore the population shown for London is that of Greater London as published in Key Statistics for local authorities in England and Wales Table KS01 (released on 13 February 2003). For this reason all urban sub-divisions of the Greater London urban area which are also London Boroughs are excluded as their populations are included within the London population shown. The only exception is Westminster whose urban population is listed because it has separate city status.

 

The populations of Brighton (134,293) and Hove (72,335) have been combined as they are now generally recognised as one city after they together won city status in 2000. Thanet and Torbay urban areas are composed of separate smaller towns and are therefore not listed. The urban sub-division of the West Midlands Urban Area of Oldbury/Smethwick are two separate towns and neither has a population of over 100,000 and therefore not listed. The Cambridge/Milton urban sub-division of 117,717 includes Milton village with a 2001 census population of 4,275 leaving Cambridge with a population of 113,442 as shown.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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